Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre     

Is was to French Existentialist Philosopher, Playwright, Novelist, Screenwriter, Political activist, biographer, and Literary critic. I have was one of the leading figure in 20th century French philosophy and Existentialism, And his work continues to influence further fields such seize Sociology And literary studies. Social Sartre was also noted for his lifelong relationship with the author and theorist, Simone de Beauvoir.    

Early life and thought    

Jean-Paul Sartre was born and raised in Paris To Jean-Baptiste Sartre, an officer of the French Navy, And Anne-Marie Schweitzer. His mother was of Alsatian Origin, and the first cousin of Nobel prize Prize Reward you Albert Schweitzer. (Her father, Charles Schweitzer, 1844-1935, was the older brother of Albert Schweitzer’s father, Louis Théophile, 1846-1925).[1] When Sartre was 15 months old, his father died of to fever. Anne-Marie raised him with help from her father, Charles Schweitzer, to high school professor of German, who taught Sartre mathematics and introduced him to Classical literature At to very early age.[2] Seize to teenager in the 1920s, Sartre became attracted to Philosophy Upon reading Henri Bergson‘ S Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness.[3] I have studied and earned to Take doctor’s degree In philosophy in Paris at the elite École Normale Supérieure, An institution of higher education that was the Soul mater For several prominent French thinkers and intellectuals.[4] Sartre was influenced by many aspects of Western philosophy, Absorbing design from Kant, Hegel, Husserl and Heidegger, among others. In 1929 at the École Normale, I have met Simone de Beauvoir, Who studied at the Sorbonne And later went on to become to noted philosopher, writer, and Feminist. Inseparable The two became and lifelong companions, initiating to romantic relationship,[5] Though they were not monogamous.[6] Sartre served seize to conscript in the French Army From 1929 to 1931 and is later argued in 1959 that each French person was responsible for the collective crimes during the Algerian War of Independence.    

Late life and death

In 1964, Sartre renounced literature in to witty and sardonic account of the first have years of his life, They mots (Words). The book is an ironic counterballast to Marcel Proust, Whose reputation had unexpectedly eclipsed that of André Gide ( Who had provided the model of littérature engagée for Sartre’s generation). Literature, Sartre concluded, functioned ultimately seize to bourgeois substitute for royal commitment in the world. In October 1964, Sartre was awarded the Nobel prize Prize in Literature But have declined it. Is was the first Nobel prize Reward You to voluntarily decline the prize,[18] And have had previously refused the Légion d’honneur, In 1945. The prize was announced on 22 October 1964; on 14 October, Sartre had written to letter to the Nobel prize Institute, asking to be remove from the list of nominees, and that have would not accept the prize if awarded, but the letter went unread;[19] On 23 October, Him Figaro Published to statement by Sartre explaining his refusal. I have said have did not wish to be “transformed” by such an award, and did not want to take sides in an East vs. Cultural West struggle by accepting an award from to prominent cultural Western institution.[19]    

Are died 15 April 1980 in Paris from an oedema of the lung.    

Sartre lies buried in Cimetière de Montparnasse in Paris. Funeral His was well attended, with estimates of the number of mourners along the two hour march ranging from 15,000 to over 50,000.
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